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Unknowns

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This video describes how a complexity science based toolbox, especially different types of modelling, is used in complex multiple use environments, such as the coastal zones of Australia, to examine different scenarios for sustainable fishing options. The video starts by describing elements of complexity such as operating at scales from minute organisms up to areas […]
These six videos provide perspectives from, respectively, the disciplines of clinical psychology, history, law, philosophy, physics and statistics on how each discipline deals with the unknown. Understanding and responding to unknowns does not fall neatly within a single discipline. Instead, different disciplines have different ways of thinking about and dealing with unknowns and there is […]
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Describes the importance of feedback loops and how they can cause unexpected events in complex systems, using marine multiple use management as an example. Reference: Fulton, B. (2013). Anticipating the unexpected, digital poster #687 from the First Global Conference on Research Integration and Implementation held in Canberra, Australia, online and at three co-conferences (Lueneburg in […]
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A new discipline – Integration and Implementation Sciences (I2S) – could provide a systematic way to allow people to effectively mix-and-match concepts and methods from systems thinking, inter- and trans-disciplinarity, implementation science, team science, complexity science and other approaches to more effectively deal with complex real-world problems. I2S has three domains: 1) synthesis of disciplinary […]
Conceptual metaphors help make integrative research more successful. They require “deep and continued dialogue,” a shared context for communication, and iteration until shared meaning is established. Conceptual metaphors contrast with conduit metaphors, which assume that words and sentences on their own can convey thoughts and feelings. Conduit metaphors lead to an illusion of communication, but […]
Metaphors help people “understand the unfamiliar” and “make someone realise they’ve only been looking at one side of a thing.” Metaphors assist in closing “the gap in people’s ability to grasp something, or speed up what they’re already on track to see.” Designing metaphors involves generating multiple possible comparisons to find those that work well. […]
Demonstrates an effective method for quantifying consequences and likelihoods of risks, as well as for combining these assessments. Different kinds of risks are examined: death, injury and illness; economic; social; environmental; symbolic; external; and reputational. The authors show how these can be rated and combined, allowing for a rich appraisal of a wide range of […]
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This video outlines the fundamentals of risk perception and their implications for assessing and making decisions under uncertainty. It describes experiments that evaluate the relationship between an expert’s status and their ability to estimate uncertain facts. It describes procedures that improve the accuracy and conditioning of expert estimates of facts. Finally, it outlines the results […]
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This framework presents a structured way to review all the possibilities for understanding and acting on a complex problem. The questions are: “What do we know about the problem? What can different interest groups and academic disciplines contribute to addressing this problem? What areas are contentious? What are the big-picture issues? In other words, what […]
Purpose: Describes different levels of public participation and can be easily adapted to describe how researchers engage with stakeholders   Arnstein’s purpose in developing the ladder was to describe how ‘have-not’ citizen groups were exploited in government decision-making processes, as well as how much power stakeholders had in determining the final product   Description: Arnstein’s […]

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