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Knowledge Synthesis

Displaying 1 - 10 of 65
Purpose: To provide an introduction to action research. Description: Action research “brings together action and reflection, theory and practice, in participation with others, in pursuit of practical solutions to issues of pressing concern to people” (Reason and Bradbury 2001, p.1). Action research is not based in objectification, conquering nature or simply describing reality, but is […]
Purpose: To provide a process for describing and further assessing propositions, which are “proposals on best practice that have a solid evidence base but remain contested.” Description: The development of propositions has two phases: an initial phase, where “a small group of researchers and practitioners define a set of evidence-based insights and counterview for a […]
Purpose: To describe common problems that can occur with grading systems which may negate their usefulness in justifying evidence-based changes in policy and practice. Description: In order to summarise the state of research on particular topics, the quality and robustness of scientific results is often assessed using one of a number of so-called grading instruments […]
Purpose: To provide an understanding of confirmation bias and ways to avoid it, in order to support good decision making on complex problems. Description: Confirmation bias manifests as follows: (1) We accept a story uncritically if it confirms what we would like to be true and reject it if it contradicts what we would like to be true. (2) We accept a fact as data, even if it is an outlier which is not backed up by large-scale data. (3) We accept data as evidence, even if it is consistent with rival theories, without looking for evidence that supports one theory and rules out all rival theories...
Purpose: To provide an understanding of the dilution effect and its impact on decision making. Description: The dilution effect is a cognitive bias that occurs when we weigh up several pieces of information, some of which are relevant to a decision that we have to make and some of which are irrelevant. It turns out […]
Purpose: To provide practical guidance on collaboration in research teams. Description: The Collaboration and Team Science Field Guide (now in its second edition) is divided into 13 chapters with supportive case studies, covering: Engaging in team science: What is a scientific research team? Preparing yourself for team science: The value of self-reflection; understanding personality types; […]
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Purpose: To lay the groundwork for effective team functioning by assessing a range of factors that influence the likelihood and degree of collaborative success. Description: Ten key influences on the likelihood and degree of collaborative success have been identified by reviewing the literature. Team members are encouraged to develop a collaboration plan that addresses these […]
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Purpose: To highlight four areas (incentives, timelines, decision making and dissemination) where collaborations often run into trouble and to provide sets of questions that can clarify partner expectations at the outset of the partnership. Description: Questions are designed for both academic and practitioner partners and aim to clarify priorities and assumptions, so that potential tensions […]
Purpose: To provide an understanding of the different kinds of skills that individuals bring to team-work, along with the strengths and weaknesses associated with each skill. Description: The basis of this tool is that, for a team to be effective, team members need to have complementary behaviours. The Belbin team roles identify nine clusters of […]
Purpose: To help a research or policy-making group come to terms with the feedback dynamics of the system which characterises the problem they are interested in. The intent is to learn just enough about the way that feedback operates in the system-of-interest, that they can identify and explain its main effects. The aim is to […]

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