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Policy and Practice Support

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Examines the link between relevance and bias. Specifically examines this link for research on peace-building and post-conflict development, arguing that research must be coupled with action to shift power balances. This provides empowerment to help counteract the danger of being involved in the research, especially for those who are not able to leave the situation. […]
Some say the scholar-practitioner form of knowledge creation started with Kurt Lewin in the 1950’s. Others contend that it is the most natural form of knowledge creation practiced by people throughout time. This 30 minute video introduces the basic tenets of action research. After contrast is made with conventional social science, participants are left with: […]
ADOPT (Adoption and Diffusion Outcome Prediction Tool) has been designed to increase understanding of factors influencing adoption of non-contentious mainstream agricultural innovations in developed countries. It “evaluates and predicts the likely level of adoption and diffusion of specific agricultural innovations with a particular target population in mind”. It “uses expertise from multiple disciplines to make […]
Implementation science is based on observations and evidence accumulated since the 1960s. Even at this early stage, it is becoming clear there is a continuum of research, evaluation, and theorizing. One end of the continuum is marked by basic research and the other by applied research. Basic research is investigator/interest driven, focuses first on internal […]
This tool provides a process for describing and further assessing propositions, which are proposals on best practice that have a solid evidence base but remain contested. As part of their project on ‘Food System Innovation for Food Security’, Rodriguez and colleagues argued that evidence can be divided into three categories: axioms, propositions and observations. These […]
Purpose: To help with finding and using research evidence. The focus is on health policy making and these tools are aimed at those responsible for making decisions about health policies and programs (eg., elected officials, civil servants), those who support these decision makers (eg., policy analysts, political staffers, independent advisers) and health system stakeholders (eg., […]
GRADE stands for ‘Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation’. It was developed for health systems interventions. The GRADE approach separates two issues: “the quality of the evidence and the strength of recommendations. Quality of evidence is only one of several factors considered when assessing the strength of recommendations.” The intention of the GRADE approach […]
Purpose: To provide an understanding of confirmation bias and ways to avoid it, in order to support good decision making on complex problems. Description: Confirmation bias manifests as follows: (1) We accept a story uncritically if it confirms what we would like to be true and reject it if it contradicts what we would like to be true. (2) We accept a fact as data, even if it is an outlier which is not backed up by large-scale data. (3) We accept data as evidence, even if it is consistent with rival theories, without looking for evidence that supports one theory and rules out all rival theories...
This toolbook presents more than 120 techniques aimed at achieving change, many of which are useful in a research integration and implementation context. There are three major sections covering personal, team and larger systems change. Some tools are able to be used for more than one type of change. Personal change tools include those that […]
Zeynep Tufekci addressing the topic “online social change: easy to organize, hard to win” points out “a network of tweets can unleash a global awareness campaign, but the outcomes are not proportional to the size and energy they inspire”. She looks back to the 1960s US civil rights movement and argues for the power of […]

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