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Knowledge Synthesis

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These two videos describe the difference between analysis (study of the parts) and synthesis (understanding of the whole). Analysis provides knowledge; synthesis provides understanding. Describes that all systems are parts of larger systems. Also describes that an essential property of a system is that it cannot be divided into independent parts; that its properties derive […]
This video introduces systems thinking for people with little prior knowledge of the field through four key systems thinking skills: Exploring boundaries – understanding the inclusion, exclusion and marginalisation of stakeholders and the issues that concern them. Appreciating multiple perspectives – how and why stakeholders frame issues in different ways. Understanding relationships – networks of […]
This introduction to systems thinking starts with the old adage “teach a man to fish and you feed him forever” and demonstrates why this may fail. It shows how the simple act of fishing is embedded in a complex web of stakeholders and issues, including climate change, pollution, overfishing, lack of access to income, irrigation […]
The following three YouTube videos (each less than 5 minutes long) provide an introduction to systems thinking.   (1) (five minutes): “A systems story” presented by BEE Environmental Communication was delivered in July 2014 – it uses love to explain core systems principles. Online: http://youtu.be/rDxOyJxgJeA   Video of A Systems Story   (2) (three and […]
The Team Science website provides four education modules. The module on team science covers: 1) team conflicts and resolutions, 2) incentives and disincentives to collaborative research, 3) communication techniques and 4) evaluation methods. Three other modules examine team science research in Behavioural Science, Basic Medical Science and Clinical Medical Science, respectively. Website: https://www.teamscience.net/ Posted: December 2011Last modified: […]
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The Team Science Toolkit is a “user-generated collection of information and resources that support the practice and study of team science.” It is hosted by the National Cancer Institute at the US National Institutes of Health. The toolkit has resources relevant for many kinds of team work. The toolkit features: more than 120 tools 40 […]
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The concepts of trading zones and interactional expertise provide useful ways of thinking about and improving collaborations across very different disciplinary communities, such as materials science, social psychology and ethics. The characteristics of trading zones include common language (which can range from jargon to pidgin to creole), ‘goods’ to be traded (such as time, resources, […]
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Transboundary competence involves the ability to deal with diversity and to cross the boundaries that divide perspectives. Seven key boundaries and useful approaches to cross them are shown in the following table:   Need to cross boundaries between… Useful approach 1. systems systems analysis 2. disciplines interdisciplinarity 3. science and society transdisciplinary; participatory 4. nations […]
This video describes how transdisciplinary research contributes to sustainability through a case study of five projects in Gothenburg, Sweden. It assesses a common assumption that transdisciplinary research is more able to contribute to societal problem solving than traditional forms of research. This assumption is based on the analytical belief that collaboration between and among social […]
Transdisciplinary research (of the European sustainability style) is described in this video as research that combines knowledge from different disciplines and engages with societal actors: to grasp the complexity of a societal problem; to take into account the diversity of perceptions that stakeholders and disciplines may have of a problem; to link generalised abstract and […]

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