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Knowledge Synthesis

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The Toolbox consists of a series of questions to probe team member views on the practice of science and acts as a stimulus for discussion. Questions cover motivation, methodology, confirmation, objectivity, values and reductionism and emergence. This philosophically structured dialogue can be used to uncover worldviews that frame what investigators see, what priorities they set, […]
DPMP provides policy advice on responses to illicit drug use, often using models. These include cost-benefit analyses (eg., on legalisation of cannabis use), system dynamics models (eg., on estimating unmet demand for opioid pharmacotherapy treatment) and agent-based models (eg., on policing a street heroin market). DPMP also studies the policy process in order to more […]
The ethical matrix provides a structured process for identifying, weighing and integrating different, and potentially conflicting, values among the various stakeholders concerned with an issue or problem. The matrix has three principles – well-being, autonomy and justice – on the horizontal axis, with the various stakeholders affected by the problem and decision-making listed on the […]
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Focused dialogue is the collaborative construction of powerful ideas. These ideas are essentially simple, generic and fundamental concepts which, once developed between people, can serve to build the shared understanding essential for effective communication and successful integration. Developing focused dialogue involves a number of discrete steps: 1. Identifying “the terms that will play a key […]
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A new discipline – Integration and Implementation Sciences (I2S) – could provide a systematic way to allow people to effectively mix-and-match concepts and methods from systems thinking, inter- and trans-disciplinarity, implementation science, team science, complexity science and other approaches to more effectively deal with complex real-world problems. I2S has three domains: 1) synthesis of disciplinary […]
This video overview of interdisciplinarity identifies major developments over a century of work in an expanding variety of contexts, the communities of practices that emerged, and current trendlines. (Interdisciplinarity is nearing its 100th anniversary, dating from the earliest documented uses of the term in the early 20th century.) The overview then weighs implications of common […]
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This collection of cases on a range of topics including heart disease, neuroscience, positive health, aging and HIV/AIDS illustrates collaborative research across the social, behavioral, and bio-medical sciences. Reference: Kessel, F. S., Rosenfield, P. L., and Anderson, N. B. (Eds.). (2008). Interdisciplinary Research: Case Studies from Health and Social Science (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK. […]
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Reflections by 14 teams linking health and social scientists identified key attributes which help or hinder success relating to: principal investigators, shared starting point, role of language, and role of the institution. These include factors internal to the team such as personal characteristics, serendipitous encounters, status and language differences, as well as factors external to […]
Reflections by 14 teams linking health and social scientists identified key attributes which help or hinder success relating to:
  1. principal investigators,
  2. shared starting point,
  3. role of language, and
  4. role of the institution.
Three guides have been developed to share collective knowledge on how funders, researchers, and wider research partners can work together for better outcomes to address pressing societal challenges. A guidance note for research funders lays out seven key challenges and suggests ways forward from the pre-call stage to evaluation of completed research projects (see reference […]

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