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Knowledge Synthesis

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Appreciative Inquiry (AI) is a method, a theory of action, a dialogue process, and a whole of system concept that brings together members of an organisation to clarify, develop and integrate their visions about their joint endeavours. The aim is to build on something in the organisation that works well and that can move the organisation to a higher level of goal attainment to strengthen the future of the organisation.
Purpose: To create the right conditions for dialogue Description: Nine key dynamics in a dialogue are 1) building a safe space, 2) openness, 3) respect, 4) storytelling, 5) listening, 6) suspending automatic response, judgment, and certainty, 7) collaborative inquiry, 8) finding common ground and exploring differences and 9) balancing advocacy and inquiry.  Building a safe space: […]
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Purpose: Nominal group technique is a special-purpose method for problem solving or idea generation. It taps and combines individual judgments to arrive at decisions that could not be determined by one person. It is not a tool for routine meetings or for negotiating or bargaining. It is not a tool for routine meetings or for negotiating or bargaining. Instead it is a technique for judgmental or creative decision making where there is lack of agreement or an incomplete state of knowledge about either the nature of the problem or about what is required to reach a successful solution.
The Toolbox consists of a series of questions to probe team member views on the practice of science and acts as a stimulus for discussion. Questions cover motivation, methodology, confirmation, objectivity, values and reductionism and emergence. This philosophically structured dialogue can be used to uncover worldviews that frame what investigators see, what priorities they set, […]
Purpose: To provide a way of effectively integrating different interests by finding a mutually agreeable fair solution through a problem solving approach. Description: Principled negotiation has four steps: (1) separate the people from the problem; (2) focus on interests, not positions; (3) generate a variety of possibilities before deciding what to do; (4) look for a fair solution, based on the merits.
DPMP provides policy advice on responses to illicit drug use, often using models. These include cost-benefit analyses (eg., on legalisation of cannabis use), system dynamics models (eg., on estimating unmet demand for opioid pharmacotherapy treatment) and agent-based models (eg., on policing a street heroin market). DPMP also studies the policy process in order to more […]
The ethical matrix provides a structured process for identifying, weighing and integrating different, and potentially conflicting, values among the various stakeholders concerned with an issue or problem. The matrix has three principles – well-being, autonomy and justice – on the horizontal axis, with the various stakeholders affected by the problem and decision-making listed on the […]
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Focused dialogue is the collaborative construction of powerful ideas. These ideas are essentially simple, generic and fundamental concepts which, once developed between people, can serve to build the shared understanding essential for effective communication and successful integration. Developing focused dialogue involves a number of discrete steps: 1. Identifying “the terms that will play a key […]
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A new discipline – Integration and Implementation Sciences (I2S) – could provide a systematic way to allow people to effectively mix-and-match concepts and methods from systems thinking, inter- and trans-disciplinarity, implementation science, team science, complexity science and other approaches to more effectively deal with complex real-world problems. I2S has three domains: 1) synthesis of disciplinary […]
This video overview of interdisciplinarity identifies major developments over a century of work in an expanding variety of contexts, the communities of practices that emerged, and current trendlines. (Interdisciplinarity is nearing its 100th anniversary, dating from the earliest documented uses of the term in the early 20th century.) The overview then weighs implications of common […]
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