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Communication

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Purpose: To highlight four areas (incentives, timelines, decision making and dissemination) where collaborations often run into trouble and to provide sets of questions that can clarify partner expectations at the outset of the partnership. Description: Questions are designed for both academic and practitioner partners and aim to clarify priorities and assumptions, so that potential tensions […]
This guide for researchers in socio-economic sciences and humanities provides help in creating policy briefs, project websites, flyers and brochures. It offers insights into dealing with the press and contains suggestions on how to organise a final project conference. The aim is to “build a functional communications interface between researchers and policymakers.” The key topics […]
This handbook presents communication tools grouped under the headings of planning, packaging, targeting and monitoring tools. Tools include problem tree analysis, visioning scenarios, blogging and outcome mapping. The tools are specifically geared towards the needs of researchers in civil society organisations. They are a product of the work of the Overseas Development Institute’s Research and […]
Purpose: theDesignExchange website is an open-source archive which provides information about design methods, along with how to use them, as well as case studies illustrating their use. Description: 99 methods are described on the website in the following categories: Research, including focus group, card sorting, POSTA (Person, Objects, Situations, Time and Activity framework) and participant […]
In this classic introduction to framing, Lakoff argues that: “Frames are mental structures that shape the way we see the world. As a result they shape the goals we seek, the plans we make, the way we act, and what counts as a good or bad outcome of our actions. In politics our frames shape […]
Metaphors help people “understand the unfamiliar” and “make someone realise they’ve only been looking at one side of a thing.” Metaphors assist in closing “the gap in people’s ability to grasp something, or speed up what they’re already on track to see.” Designing metaphors involves generating multiple possible comparisons to find those that work well. […]
Five principles and key associated issues for researchers to impact policy and practice. 1. Design: Understand what everyone wants. This can help in managing expectations of different stakeholders and project members and identifying potential issues/problems early on. Understand the context of the project. Use local characteristics, traditions, norms and past experiences as a starting point […]
The RAPID Outcome Mapping Approach (ROMA), “comprises a suite of tools that any organisation can use at any stage in their policy engagement process to improve how they diagnose the problem, understand the types of impact their work could have on policy-making, set realistic objectives for policy influence, develop a plan to achieve those objectives, […]
Purpose: Describes different levels of public participation and can be easily adapted to describe how researchers engage with stakeholders  Arnstein’s purpose in developing the ladder was to describe how ‘have-not’ citizen groups were exploited in government decision-making processes, as well as how much power stakeholders had in determining the final product Description: Arnstein’s ladder has […]
Purpose: (a) To describe different ways stakeholder engagement can occur; (b) To assist in the selection of the appropriate level of stakeholder participation depending on the particular circumstances; and, (c) To specifically examine stakeholder engagement in a research context. Description: The International Association for Public Participation (IAP2) has developed a spectrum for public participation, specifically for government decision making. The spectrum can be easily adapted for other contexts and a modified version has been produced for a research context...

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