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ICTAM is a step-wise method for bringing qualitative mental models into formal quantitative simulation models. The ICTAM acronym stands for the key methods used throughout the process: Interviews, Cognitive mapping, Time-sequence Unified Modelling Language (UML), All-encompassing framework, and numerical agent-based Models. The process starts by conducting semi-structured interviews with stakeholders. The purpose is to collect data […]
Five principles and key associated issues for researchers to impact policy and practice. 1. Design: Understand what everyone wants. This can help in managing expectations of different stakeholders and project members and identifying potential issues/problems early on. Understand the context of the project. Use local characteristics, traditions, norms and past experiences as a starting point […]
Scoping of complex social and environmental problems can be undertaken using the following seven phase framework. Phase 1: Analyse the Context When did the problem attract attention? Who raised the problem? How was the decision to do something about the problem arrived at? What do those who raised the problem expect? What is their general […]
Purpose: To distinguish among three primary categories of unknowns. Description: One useful way of thinking about different kinds of unknowns is illustrated in the matrix below, which highlights three kinds of unknowns: known unknowns, unknown knowns and unknown unknowns. The most familiar is what we know we do not know ie ‘known unknowns’ or conscious […]
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