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Journal Article

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Purpose: To help with finding and using research evidence. The focus is on health policy making and these tools are aimed at those responsible for making decisions about health policies and programs (eg., elected officials, civil servants), those who support these decision makers (eg., policy analysts, political staffers, independent advisers) and health system stakeholders (eg., […]
GRADE stands for ‘Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation’. It was developed for health systems interventions. The GRADE approach separates two issues: “the quality of the evidence and the strength of recommendations. Quality of evidence is only one of several factors considered when assessing the strength of recommendations.” The intention of the GRADE approach […]
Purpose: To describe common problems that can occur with grading systems which may negate their usefulness in justifying evidence-based changes in policy and practice. Description: In order to summarise the state of research on particular topics, the quality and robustness of scientific results is often assessed using one of a number of so-called grading instruments […]
Purpose: To improve research collaborations by providing an understanding of the importance of two kinds of differences among partners, as well as providing ways of dealing with those differences. Description: The point of a research collaboration is to harness the different expertise and attributes of various partners in order to develop a comprehensive understanding of […]
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ICTAM is a step-wise method for bringing qualitative mental models into formal quantitative simulation models. The ICTAM acronym stands for the key methods used throughout the process: Interviews, Cognitive mapping, Time-sequence Unified Modelling Language (UML), All-encompassing framework, and numerical agent-based Models. The process starts by conducting semi-structured interviews with stakeholders. The purpose is to collect data […]
The Toolbox consists of a series of questions to probe team member views on the practice of science and acts as a stimulus for discussion. Questions cover motivation, methodology, confirmation, objectivity, values and reductionism and emergence. This philosophically structured dialogue can be used to uncover worldviews that frame what investigators see, what priorities they set, […]
Focused dialogue is the collaborative construction of powerful ideas. These ideas are essentially simple, generic and fundamental concepts which, once developed between people, can serve to build the shared understanding essential for effective communication and successful integration. Developing focused dialogue involves a number of discrete steps: 1. Identifying “the terms that will play a key […]
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A useful analytical framework for assessing knowledge co-production consists of the following elements: “typology of actor roles, research phases, objectives and forms of actor integration, and types of knowledge” (see figure below). The framework was used to analyse “what types of actors contributed what kind of knowledge in which research phase” in four transdisciplinary studies […]
This case demonstrates the use of participatory research to bring together pastoralists, donors and researchers to build the capacity of the pastoralists to better withstand drought and similar shocks. The case is part of the Pastoral Risk Management (PARIMA) project of the Global Livestock Collaborative Research Support Program (GL-CRSP). The impact was evaluated. Reference: Coppock, […]
Five principles and key associated issues for researchers to impact policy and practice.   1. Design: Understand what everyone wants. This can help in managing expectations of different stakeholders and project members and identifying potential issues/problems early on. Understand the context of the project. Use local characteristics, traditions, norms and past experiences as a starting […]

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