Fourteen dialogue methods are described to facilitate interactions between, and synthesise knowledge from, experts from a range of disciplines, as well as stakeholders affected by the problem and those in a position to do something about it.
The Toolbox consists of a series of questions to probe team member views on the practice of science and acts as a stimulus for discussion. Questions cover motivation, methodology, confirmation, objectivity, values and reductionism and emergence.
The ethical matrix provides a structured process for identifying, weighing and integrating different, and potentially conflicting, values among the various stakeholders concerned with an issue or problem.
Focused dialogue is the collaborative construction of powerful ideas. These ideas are essentially simple, generic and fundamental concepts which, once developed between people, can serve to build the shared understanding essential for effective communication and successful integration.
An excellent introduction to creating powerful messages or 'framing' is provided by the Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) entitled Framing: Creating powerful political message by Delft University of Technology. These notes are taken - sometimes verbatim - from the transcripts and videos.
In this classic introduction to framing, Lakoff argues that: "Frames are mental structures that shape the way we see the world. As a result they shape the goals we seek, the plans we make, the way we act, and what counts as a good or bad outcome of our actions.