Knowledge Synthesis

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Ten aspects of interdisciplinary research are covered, with the guides providing easy access to best practices for a) developing, reviewing, funding and evaluating proposals, b) supervising PhDs, as well as c) various aspects of research management.

A useful analytical framework for assessing knowledge co-production consists of the following elements: “(1) typology of actor roles, (2) research phases, (3) objectives and forms of actor integration, and (4) types of knowledge” (see figure below).

The methods in the td-net toolbox for co-producing knowledge are useful for bringing together different perspectives on a problem, recognising that not only individuals but also social groups have different ways of thinking about issues.

The Learning for Sustainability (LfS) website is a clearinghouse of information with links provided to a diverse selection of relevant resources, such as on: systems thinking; building networks; dialogue and negotiation; knowledge management; planning and evaluation; theory of change; managing outcomes; interdisciplinary approaches; adaptive man

Conceptual metaphors help make integrative research more successful. They require "deep and continued dialogue," a shared context for communication, and iteration until shared meaning is established.

Metaphors help people "understand the unfamiliar" and "make someone realise they've only been looking at one side of a thing." Metaphors assist in closing "the gap in people's ability to grasp something, or speed up what they're already on track to see."

Views integration as having “communicative, social and cognitive” aspects, relating to language, roles and knowledge, respectively.

This report provides a brief overview of the most popular modelling techniques used to analyse complex real-world problems, as well as some less popular but highly relevant techniques. The modelling methods are divided into three categories, with each encompassing a number of methods, as follows:

Recent technological advances provide comprehensive digital traces of social actions, interactions, and transactions and are described in this video. These data provide an unprecedented exploratorium to model the socio-technical motivations for creating, maintaining, dissolving, and reconstituting into teams.

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Demonstrates modelling scenarios and strategies for sustainable agriculture in an Austrian region. This involved gathering mental models of stakeholders, developing shared understanding of system dynamics, fostering exchange and learning, and developing and assessing strategies.


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