Implementing research: taking stakeholder restrictions into account

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Argues that the know-do gap arises because restrictions facing stakeholders are not taken into account. Identifies an iterative five-step heuristic for doing this:

  1. Define options for the actors
  2. Identify the network of direct and indirect actors
  3. Develop a concept for analysing the conditions of action and their underlying functional logic
  4. Conduct an empirical analysis of the conditions of action to identify the options (restricting and supporting factors) for step 1
  5. Identify strategies to overcome restrictions by combining the empirical analysis and the underlying functional logic.

Restrictions can include lack of knowledge, lack of values, lack of norms and lack of possibilities. Overcoming restrictions requires willingness and capability. The focus is on sustainability, but the principles are more broadly relevant.

Digital poster: Hirsch Hadorn, G., Maier Begré, S., Tanner, C. and Wölfing Kast, S. (2013). Options and Restrictions: A Heuristic Tool for Effective Implementation of Policies, digital poster #574, from the First Global Conference on Research Integration and Implementation Canberra in Australia, online and at co-conferences in Germany, the Netherlands and Uruguay, 8-11 September, 2013. You can access this digital poster as a powerpoint presentation or pdf:

Posted: September 2015
Last modified: September 2015

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